## Trend, Support, Resistance, and Change in Polarity

Trend, Support, Resistance, and Change in Polarity explained for the CFA Level 1 exam.

## The Arithmetic vs. Geometric Means for Investment Returns

We use the geometric mean to analyze past performance over multi-year outlooks and the arithmetic mean for future (expected) performance of a single year.

## The 4 Measurement Scales for the CFA Exam (NOIR)

There are four main testable measurement scales for the CFA Level 1 exam: nominal, ordinal, interval, and ratio scales. You need to know the differences between them all.

## Ethics for the CFA Exam in Five Minutes

Study the entire CFA Institute standards of practice to review the Ethics material in minutes.

## Practical Tips for Learning the CFA Level 1 Material

The CFA Level 1 exam is about the ability to quickly grasp the outlines of the curriculum and then answer a barrage of multiple questions that ask you to apply formulas and intuit concepts across a vast array of financial topics.

## Callable Bonds 101

Everything the CFA Level 1 exam asks you to know about callable bonds.

## Tips and Tricks for the Last Week's CFA preparation

Tips, tricks, and wisdom for how to make the last week of CFA studying effective.

## The Efficient Market (Hypothesis)- Fact and Myth for the CFA L1 Exam

Most of the CFA curriculum assumes that markets are efficient. In this post we break down the signs of an efficient market as well as some of the challenges to this theory. This post is geared for L1 but can serve as a useful refresher for L3 as well.

## Auctions and Investing

Auctions are used as a mechanism of price discovery and a way to determine the equilibrium price. They have historically been tested with 1-2 questions on the CFA Level 1 exam.